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Guantanamo's Children: The Wikileaked Testimonies

On April 24, 2011, the transparency organization Wikileaks began to release Detainee Assessment Briefs and other classified documents for all 779 Guantánamo prisoners. This revealed that military authorities have acknowledged that Mr. Abdul Samad, Mr. Ibrahim Umar al Umar, Mr. Khalil Rahman Hafez, and Mr. Abdullah R. Razzaq were all imprisoned at Guantánamo as children.

As a consequence of the wikileaked releases, military documents in the public domain now acknowledge that fifteen children were imprisoned, at some time or another, at Guantánamo (see table below). This is three more than the twelve the State Department acknowledged to the public after our earlier report on the subject, and seven more than the eight the State Department reported to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.

In short, military documents recently wikileaked indicate that the number of children that have been imprisoned at Guantanamo is one-and-a-quarter times what the State Department has admitted to the public and almost twice as many as it reported to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.

NAME
ISN
DATE OF BIRTH
DATE OF TRANSFER TO GTMO
AGE IN YEARS (DAYS) AT TRANSFER
MOHAMMED ISMAIL 930 DD MM 88 07 FEB 02 13 (4786) - 14 (5151)
ASSAD ULLAH 912 DD MM 88 DD DEC 02 13 (5083) - 14 (5478)
NAQIB ULLAH 913 DD MM 88 DD JAN 03 14 (5114) - 15 (5509)
MUHAMMED HAMID AL QARANI 269 DD MM 86
09 FEB 02
15 (5519) - 16 (5883)
MOHAMMED OMAR
540
DD MM 86
11 JUN 02
15 (5641) - 16 (6005)
SHAMS ULLAH
783
DD MM 86
28 OCT 02
15 (5780) - 16 (6144)
OMAR AHMED KHADR 766 19 SEP 86
27 OCT 02
16 (5882)
YUSSEF MOHAMMED MUBARAK AL SHIHRI 114 08 SEP 85
16 JAN 02
16 (5974)
ABDUL SAMAD 911 DD MM 86 06 FEB 03 16 (5881) - 17 (6245)
ABDUL QUDUS 929 DD MM 86 07 FEB 03 16 (5882) - 17 (6246)
IBRAHIM UMAR AL UMAR 585 DD MM 85 15 JUN 02 16 (6010) - 17 (6374)
ABDUL SALAM GHETAN (AL SHEHRI)
132 14 DEC 84 20 JAN 02 17 (6246)
YASSER TALAL AL ZAHRANI
093
22 SEP 84
20 JAN 02
17 (6329)
KAHLIL RAHMAN HAFEZ (HAFEZ K. RAHMAN)
301 20 FEB 84 07 FEB 02 17 (6562)
'ABD AL RAZAQ (ABDULLAH R RAZZAQ) 067 18 JAN 84
17 JAN 02
17 (6574)

Fourteen of the individuals mentioned in this table have now been released—one of them being the first child in History to have been convicted of war crimes (Omar Ahmed Khadr). The fifteenth (Yasser Talal al Zahrani) allegedly killed himself in his Guantánamo cell at age 21. Information about them and many other prisoners can be found elsewhere in this website; pictures of some of them can be found below.

 

The Cases of Shams Ullah, Mohammed Ismail, Abdul Quddus, Muhammed al Qarani

For the most part, the wikileaked information is consistent with what previously released documents have revealed. In some cases, however, the material is less detailed than the material we had before (the new documents do not have, for example, any dates for Mr. Shams Ullah). But in other cases, the new material provides more detail. Newly released documents indicate, for example, that Mr. Mohammed Ismail was born in 1988 and not just after 07 FEB 87 as we previously estimated. These documents moreover indicate that he was transferred to Guantánamo on 07 FEB 02—or exactly one year earlier than previously disclosed [NOTE 1]. This would make him the youngest child to have been imprisoned at Guantánamo according to military and diplomatic sources now in the public domain. In all of these cases, we worked from the most informative of two, mostly consistent, documents.

And then there is the case of Mr. Abdul Quddus. According to the wikileaked material, he is two years older than previously thought. And he was transferred to Guantánamo a full year later than previously released documents indicated [NOTE 2]. It is striking to think that Mr. Quddus would have been transferred into Guantánamo as a child even if the new information proved true. In this case we worked from the wikileaked material, as it was the most recent of the two documents.

Other differences with the known record might pertain to the fact the wikileaked documents mention the dates of transfer rather than the dates of in-processing—which is what the earlier documents used. But this does not affect the status of the prisoners as minors. Except for one case (see section below).

Finally, there is the case of Mr. Muhammed Hamid al Qarani, who wikileaked documents claim was born in 1981. This would be a full five years earlier than previously released documents indicated. It would also be contrary to the information in his birth certificate (mentioned at a Congressional Hearing in 2008) and to the statements made by the judge presiding over his 2009 habeas proceedings, who referred to Mr. al Qarani as "a Saudi minor" in 2001. Without passing judgement on the veracity of the wikileaked information, we decided to include in the table above the earlier material on Mr. al Qarani, as the only point of this report is that military documents admit that more minors were imprisoned in Guantánamo than have been publicly acknowledged.

 

Could there be more?

Many of the birthdates in the wikileaked documents are incomplete, giving only years of birth while remaining silent about the days or the months. Thus, Messrs. Faris Muslim al Ansari (ISN 253), Peta Muhammed (ISN 908), Qari Esmhatulla (ISN 591), and Sajin Urayman (ISN 545) were supposedly born some time in 1984, entering Guantánamo in 2002. Whether they entered it as boys or as men depends on the actual days and months of their respective births. And a similar situation holds for Mr. Mahbub Rahman (ISN 1052) (see table below). For reasons to be given presently, Mr. Mohammed Jawad (ISN 900) should be added to this table of individuals who may have entered Guantánamo as children (all of these individuals have now been released from Guantánamo).

NAME
ISN
DATE OF BIRTH
DATE OF TRANSFER TO GTMO
AGE IN YEARS (DAYS) AT TRANSFER
MOHAMMED JAWAD 0900
DD MM 85 06 FEB 03 17 (6246) - 18 (6610)
QARI ESMHATULLA 0591 DD MM 84 10 JUN 02 17 (6370) - 18 (6735)
SAJIN URAYMAN 0545
DD MM 84 13 JUN 02 17 (6373) - 18 (6738)
FARIS MUSLIM AL ANSARI 0253 DD MM 84 17 JUN 02
17 (6377) - 18 (6742)
PETA MUHAMMED 0908
DD MM 84
05 AUG 02
17 (6426) - 18 (6791)
MAHBUB RAHMAN
1052
DD MM 85
21 NOV 03
17 (6534) - 18 (6898)

The wikileaked documents assert Mr. Mohammed Jawad (ISN 900) was born 01 JAN 85. This would make him a child when he was seized and in-processed by American forces on 17 DEC 02 but an adult when transferred to Guantánamo on 6 FEB 03 [NOTE 3]. But this wikileaked birthdate has been called into question. First, Mr. Jawad's military counsel has declared (personal communication) that due to the lack of information about Jawad's precise birthday, the military simply assigned him a birthdate that would make him an adult, and that the accuracy of this date was hotly disputed both in military commission proceedings and in habeas proceedings in federal court. Second, Col. Darrel Vandeveld, once the chief prosecutor in the case against Mr. Jawad, stated in 2009 that

Virtually all of the documentation concerning Mr. Jawad from his first year or so at Guantanamo lists his age as approximately 17 years, so one would be hard pressed to argue that U.S. officials at Guantanamo were unaware of his juvenile status […] there is no question that JTF‐GTMO knew or should have known that Mr. Jawad was a minor when he arrived at Guantanamo […]

Third, in its response to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, the State Department described Mr. Jawad as being "approximately 23" on May 19, 2008. But this would make him "approximately 17" when he was transferred to Guantánamo. Consequently, we would be remiss if we did not include him among the set of individuals who could have been transferred to Guantánamo as minors. We have included his picture below. Mr. Jawad's military counsel has confirmed to us that it was taken within 24 hours of being seized by American forces. Testimonies of the abuse these individuals endured at Guantánamo, particularly testimony for Mr. Jawad, can be found elsewhere in this website by entering their names on the search facility at the top of any page.

 

The Testimonies from Abroad

All of the testimonies we have considered thus far are domestic. If we were to take into account the testimonies of former prisoners, the Red Cross, and other international sources, then, the estimates of the number of children at Guantánamo raise significantly. Thus, according to a study by Andy Worthington, the number of individuals entering Guantánamo as boys is 22. And, according to the British charity Reprieve (personal communication), this number would exceed 46. International testimonies on Guantánamo's children will be analyzed in a subsequent report.

 

Mohammed Ismail Photo Naqib Ullah Photo Assad Ullah Photo muhammed_hamid_al_qarani.jpg

Mohammed Ismail

Naqib Ullah

Assad Ullah

Muhammed al Qarani






  mohammed_omar.jpg   Omar Khadr Photo  Al Zahrani Photo        Yussef al Shihri Photo

 Mohammed Omar

 

 Omar Ahmed Khad

 

Yasser al Zahrani

 

 Yussef al Shihri

 


      Abdul Salam Ghetan Photo
      'Abd al Razaq Photo
mohamed_jawad.jpg

Abdul Salam Ghetan

'Abd al Razaq

              Mohammed Jawad


 

Notes

1. The flight logs recorded in The Journey of Death are consistent with both transfer dates, as they mention flights into Guantánamo for both days (see pp. 14 and 26). The Journey of Death is a report on "extraordinary rendition" prepared by the British charity Reprieve.

2. See previous note.

3. Just like Mr. Haji Mohammed Ayub (ISN 279). Born on 15 APR 84, he was seized by American forces some time in 2001 and transferred into Guantánamo on 10 JUN 02. He was therefore captured as a boy, but entered Guantánamo as a man.

First released: January 10, 2008
Last Revised: March 22, 2013

 


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